Brief history

TABLE OF DATES

71-74    Earliest  Roman route between Chester and York using native tracks over the Pennines. Forts were built at Meltham and Kirklees Park with the route passing round the north of Castle Hill (Camulodunum (the "hill fort of Camulos")?). There is a possibility it then came down the hill through or close to Longley to the ford a Mold Green, then to Kirklees. (Source: Huddersfield in Roman Times by Ian A Richmond, Tolson Museum 1925, but now considered speculative).

c1066    William I grants The Honour of Pontefract (204 manors) to Ilbert de Laci, including the Manor of Almondbury

1086      The Doomsday Book reports "Almanberie" has four carucates of taxable land, possibly four ploughs, and apart from woodland of a square mile the remainder is waste. The value is three pounds

1298    Anabel del Wood, widow of Richard de Beaumont held a grant of land from Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, comprising a  messuage and 101 acres in Huddersfield for life. We do not know whether this is the same land held by Robertus del Wood in 1341

1312    Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, married to Alice de Lacy, assumed the Honour of Pontefract on the death of Henry

1322    Thomas rebels against Edward III and is defeated at the Battle of Boroughbridge and  executed at Pontefract on 23 March. The de Lacy estates pass eventually to Henry Plantagenet, whose son became the first Duke of Lancaster in 1352. The hall remains part of the Duchy of Lancaster until 1629.

1330    Robertus del Wodde witnesses a deed

1341    Robertus del Wodde murdered in what may have been part of the Eland Feud between the de Beaumont and the de Eland families

1342    Document signed by Majoria del Wodde (nee de Beaumont) relieving Sir John de Beaumont of responsibility for the death of her husband,  Robertus 

1354    Thomas de la Wodde alive

1370    Willelmus de Wodde has a charter of messuages in Huddersfield dated "Monday next after the Purification" 

1379    Willelmus de Wodde, described as a wright, assessed at 6d. in the Subsidy Roll of Richard II - the highest in the parish of Almanbury (sic)

1471      George Wood, the father of John, was involved in the "Hall Bower Murders", just a mile to the south of the hall. It appears he supported the Beaumonts of Newsome (his wife's family) in a dispute with the Kays of Woodsome. Nicholas Beaumont and his son Johnkyn of the Beaumont faction were killed, as was a Thomas Adderley of the Kay side. One Beaumont and three Kays were injured. The culprits suffered nothing worse than fines! Was it to do with the civil war or a family dispute? (The Hall Bower Book of Memories, 2000)

1475      John Wode born at Longley

1484       Lawrence Wodde, generosus, alive. Visitation of Yorkshire records the coat of arms of Wodde (argent, three fleurs de lis, between cotises sable, a border engrailed with the last) in a north window of Almondbury Parish Church. An inscription on the window read - Orate pro animis Lawrentii Wodde,  Johannae ux., Geogii  Wodde, Isabella ux.  filiorum  et  filiarum  meorum

1502      John Wode, generosus,  married Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Richard Beaumont of Whitley, by special licence because of consanguinity

1506      Cecily Wode born

1508      Jennet Wode born

1513      William Ramsden born at Crawstone Hall, Greetland, Elland

1523      John Wodd assessed on lands of 10 0s 0d in the Subsidy Roll - amounting to 10s 0d tax paid, the highest by far in the parish of Almondburry (sic)  

1524      Marriage between Joanna (Jennet) Wodd of Longley and John Savile of New Hall, Elland 

1528      Johannes Wode sold to Thomas Kay for 40, three shops in Huddersfeld (sic), three closes in Huddersfeld and five closes in Almundbury

1531      Settlement between John Wodd of Longley and Robert Ramsden of Elland in respect of the marriage of Joanna (also known as Jennet and Joan, and now a widow) with William Ramsden. The deed was witnessed by Gilbert Beaumount, Thomas Beaumount, John Heep, Richard Appleyard, Geoffrey Romsden (sic) and "many others"

1536     Cecily Wode betrothed to John Appleyard of Longley

1538      John Wodd dies and directs his body to be buried before the altar of St Nicholas in Almondbury Parish Church

???        Cecily Wode marries Thomas Sayvill (Savile) of Exley Hall, Elland

1540     Thomas Sayvill agrees to pay Richard Appleyard 50 marks (a mark is worth 13s 4d) paid over 30 months,  for marrying Cecily whilst she was betrothed to John. Part of the security is Longley Hall (later called Longley Old Hall). William Ramsden, Thomas Sayvile and Hugh Sayvell give a bond agreeing to pay Richard Appleyard 100 if Thomas defaults

1540?   William and Joanna Ramsden appear to have possession of Longley Old Hall

1541    William Ramsden in the ownership of two fulling mills next to the King's Mill         

1544    William Ramsden owes the Crown 800 for the purchase of monastic lands. Appointed Woodward General for all the woods in Yorkshire at an annual stipend of  6.13s 4d

1545    William Ramsden appointed bailiff and collector of the Manor of Tadcaster at a stipend of   3.  0s  8d

            William Ramsden acquires property at Kirklees Priory, which he sold later to John Armytage

1549    Birth of Henry Savile of Bradley Hall, Greetland. Son of Elizabeth Ramsden and nephew of William and John. Sometime tutor to Queen Elizabeth, Provost of Eton College and Warden of Merton College, Oxford. Translator of Ptolemy, Euclid and Tacitus. Knighted by James I for his work in translating the Bible.

1550    William sells Crawstone Hall, Greetland, for 63 to his cousin George Ramsden

1554    Edward  VI takes possession of William's lands for non payment of "divers and sundry great sums of money .... whereof the said William Ramsden became indebted unto the same late King" ie. Henry VIII

1557    William was committed to the Fleet prison on 28th May, by Mary I

1559    William was pardoned by Elizabeth

1565    William was outlawed for not appearing to answer a charge for the payment of a debt of 50. He ended up in the Fleet, but was pardoned the same year.

1568    Henry Savile, the Sheriff of Yorkshire (most probably a relation by marriage) ordered the seizure of William's land for the non-payment of the 800 owing to the Crown from 1544

1574    An Inquisition into William's affairs found he had undervalued his lands. As an example, the old Hall at Longley he valued at 8 6s 8d, whereas it was found to be worth 17.

1574    The future Sir Richard (Black Dick) Beaumont, the first baronet of Whitley Beaumont, was born at Longley Old Hall. His mother, Elizabeth, was the daughter of John Ramsden and niece of William.  She had returned to the Hall to be with her mother.

1575    John Ramsden granted arms - argent, on a chevron sable, between three rams heads couped argent

1576    John Ramsden commenced building New Hall, now known as Longley Hall

1580    William Ramsden dies at London and is buried at the church of  St Sepulchre without Newgate. His estate passes to his brother, John.

1583    Longley Old Hall is in the tenancy of a John Appleyard, gentleman ,who is most probably an in law of John Ramsden, for there is evidence he married a Margaret Appleyard of Longley. This may be the John Appleyard spurned by Cecily Wodde 40 years earlier. A deed sets out the arrangement for the marriage of John's son, Richard, to Elizabeth Crosland of Crosland Hill, daughter of Thomas. Thomas had to pay 150 to Richard. As part of the arrangement, John Ramsden granted a life tenancy of the Hall to John, then for the use of Richard Appleyard and his heirs. John Appleyard  is granted "one parlor and one chamber" rent free for his life, save for the payment of eight shillings to the Queen" 

1584    Inquisition by Queen Elizabeth into the Manor of Almanbury, which details all the property owned by John Ramsden

1591    John Ramsden dies and is succeeded by his son, William

1599    William Ramsden purchases the Manor of Huddersfield from Queen Elizabeth  for 965 0s 9p

1600    William married for the second time - Mary, the widow of Henry Batte of Oakwell Hall, Birstall 

1609    William Ramsden and others petition James I for the foundation of a grammar school at Almondbury

1611    Henry Savile knighted by James I for his work on the new Bible

1619    John Ramsden, son of William is knighted

1623    William Ramsden dies and is succeeded by his son, Sir John

1626    Sir John MP for Pontefract

1629    Sir John Ramsden purchases the Manor of Almondbury from James I

1644    Sir John captured by Parliamentary Army at Selby and committed to the Tower of  London as a traitor.  In August he was exchanged for a Parliamentary prisoner held by the King

1645    Sir John was  Colonel of the Third Division defending Pontefract Castle and took part in the negotiations for its surrender 

1646    Sir John died during the siege of Newark and was buried at the parish church on 27 March

1671    John Ramsden, grandson of Sir John, procured a charter  to hold a market in Huddersfield. As a result of this the market at Almondbury, which had been granted a charter in 1294, declined 

1689    John Ramsden created the 1st baronet of Byram and Longley by William and Mary

1797    Sir John Ramsden, 4th baronet, High Sheriff of Yorkshire

1867    Sir John William Ramsden buys the Ardverikie Estate in Scotland. It is still in the family and used in the filming of the television series  Monarch of the Glen

1885    Longley Old Hall restored by  Sir John William Ramsden, the 5th baronet

1920    Sir John Frechville Ramsden , 6th baronet, sells the Huddersfield estate of over 4,000 acres to Huddersfield Corporation, retaining Longley Old Hall and an adjoining  cottage

1957    Sir J F Ramsden, of  Muncaster Castle, Ravenglass, makes his Will and leaves the Hall to his son, Geoffrey William Pennington directing "him not to sell this property at any time because it was the foundation of the Ramsden Family fortune, full well knowing that this condition is not legally binding."

1958    Sir J F Ramsden dies

1959    Sir G W Pennington, 7th baronet, changes his name to Sir G W Pennington Ramsden

1975    Sir G W Pennington Ramsden sells Longley Old Hall and the cottage to David and Janet Bruce

1998    Christine and Robin Gallagher purchase the hall

2009    John Seymour, the 19th Duke of Somerset, makes a private visit to the hall. Meeting with Sir John Ramsden, the 9th baronet